Adrian P. Simpson (1998). Accounting for the phonetics of German r without processes. ZAS Working Papers in Linguistics 11.
Adrian Simpson, IPdS Kiel, Germany
Figure 1: Sonagrams and annotations illustrating different strictures and states of the glottis associated with the dorso-uvular correlate of r. Examples (a-c) are voiceless uvular fricatives found in voiceless plosive and fricative onsets, (d-f) are from other onset and intervocalic positions (see text). Examples (b-f) are from female speakers, (a) from a male speaker. (Refs.: (a) k07mr055, (b) k10mr095, (c) k10mr063, (d) k12mr027, (e) k08mr026, (f) k08mr074)
Figure 2: Sonagrams and annotations of a selection of short and long quantity r-vowels produced by the male speaker k67. Utterance portions are from the words (a) Bier ("beer"), (b) vor ("before"), (c) wirklich ("really"), (d) Durst ("thirst"), and (e-f) fährt ("goes, drives"). (Refs.: (a) k67mr089, (b) k67mr058, (c) k67mr090, (d) k67mr062, (e) k67mr026, (f) k67mr071)
Figure 3: Sonagrams and annotations of (a) consonantal and (b) vocalic tokens of the verb fahren from two male speakers. (Ref.: (a) k07mr088, (b) k11mr088)
Figure 6: Sonagrams of the short quantity lernt ("learns") and the long quantity leert ("empties"). The horizontal line approximately delimits the vocalic portion in each case.
Table 2: Examples of synthetic short and long quantity r and r-less syllables. The words Bart and Dirk have both been synthesized as short and long quantity syllables.
© Adrian Simpson, IPdS Kiel, 1998