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Adrian P. Simpson (1998). Accounting for the phonetics of German r without processes. ZAS Working Papers in Linguistics 11.

Adrian Simpson, IPdS Kiel, Germany


Contents :

  • Figure 1: Sonagrams and annotations illustrating different strictures and states of the glottis associated with the dorso-uvular correlate of r
  • Figure 2: Sonagrams and annotations of a selection of short and long quantity r-vowels produced by the male speaker k67
  • Figure 3: Sonagrams and annotations of (a) consonantal and (b) vocalic tokens of the verb fahren from two male speakers
  • Figure 6: Sonagrams of the short quantity lernt ("learns") and the long quantity leert ("empties")
  • Table 2: Examples of synthetic short and long quantity r and r-less syllables



Figure 1: Sonagrams and annotations illustrating different strictures and states of the glottis associated with the dorso-uvular correlate of r. Examples (a-c) are voiceless uvular fricatives found in voiceless plosive and fricative onsets, (d-f) are from other onset and intervocalic positions (see text). Examples (b-f) are from female speakers, (a) from a male speaker. (Refs.: (a) k07mr055, (b) k10mr095, (c) k10mr063, (d) k12mr027, (e) k08mr026, (f) k08mr074)




Figure 2: Sonagrams and annotations of a selection of short and long quantity r-vowels produced by the male speaker k67. Utterance portions are from the words (a) Bier ("beer"), (b) vor ("before"), (c) wirklich ("really"), (d) Durst ("thirst"), and (e-f) fährt ("goes, drives"). (Refs.: (a) k67mr089, (b) k67mr058, (c) k67mr090, (d) k67mr062, (e) k67mr026, (f) k67mr071)




Figure 3: Sonagrams and annotations of (a) consonantal and (b) vocalic tokens of the verb fahren from two male speakers. (Ref.: (a) k07mr088, (b) k11mr088)




Figure 6: Sonagrams of the short quantity lernt ("learns") and the long quantity leert ("empties"). The horizontal line approximately delimits the vocalic portion in each case.




Table 2: Examples of synthetic short and long quantity r and r-less syllables. The words Bart and Dirk have both been synthesized as short and long quantity syllables.


Word (gloss) Syllable quantity
Stadt ("town") short
Staat ("country") long
Start ("start") short
bat ("offered") long
Bart ("beard") short
Bart long
Tier ("animal") long
Kur ("cure") long
Kür ("free section") long
Dirk (proper name) short
Dirk long
durch ("through") short
Storch ("stork") short



© Adrian Simpson, IPdS Kiel, 1998



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