Submenu institute
Submenu teaching
Submenu research
Submenu publications...already chosen
Submenu links





English Menu of audio examples Deutsches Menü der Hörbeispiele
 

Klaus J. Kohler (2006).
Paradigms in Experimental Prosodic Analysis -
From Measurement to Function.

Audio Examples.


Contents :

1. Holistic Pitch Contours 2. Synchronization of Peak Contours 3. Synchronization of Valley Contours 4. Phonetic Alignment

1. Holistic Pitch Contours

Example 1a: One-accent phrase with rise-fall-rise

<&2> war er das wirklich <&.?> <&PGn>
(<&2> WAS it really him <&.?><&PGn>)

Example 1b: Two-accent phrase with rise-fall-rise + rise

<&2> war er das <&.,> <&2> wirklich <&?> <&PGn>
(<&2> WAS it him <&.,> <&2> REAlly <&?> <&PGn>)

Example 1c: Two-accent phrase with rise-fall-rise + prosodic boundary + rise

<&2> war er das <&.,> <&PGn> <&2> wirklich <&?> <&PGn>
(<&2> WAS it him <&.,> <&PGn> <&2> really <&?> <&PGn>)

Example 1d: Two-accent phrase with (rise-)fall + rise

<&2> war er das <&.> <&2> wirklich <&?> <&PGn>
(<&2> WAS it him <&.><&2> REAlly <&?> <&PGn>)


2. Synchronization of Peak Contours

Example 2: Peak Shift Series from Early to Late

11 stimuli Sie hat ja gelogen.
She's been lying.

Example 3: Early, Medial and Late Peak Positions


Sie hat ja gelogen. She's been lying.
Example 3a: early peak
Sie hat ja gelogen.
Example 3b: medial peak
Sie hat ja gelogen.
Example 3c: late peak
Sie hat ja gelogen.

Example 4: Pragmatic Meanings of Early, Medial and Late Peaks

Example 4a
Early Peak in Sie hat ja gelogen.
= finality - established
clashes with the meaning of unexpectedness in the context Oh!

Example 4b
Medial Peak in Sie hat ja gelogen.
= openness - new observation
is compatible with the meaning of unexpectedness in the context Oh!

Example 4c
Late Peak in Sie hat ja gelogen.
= unexpectedness - expressive evaluation
matches the meaning of unexpectedness in the context Oh!

Example 5: Internal Timing of Peak Contours


Sie hat ja gelogen. She's been lying.
Example 5a (identical with Example 3a)
Early Peak Synchronization - Symmetrical Rise and Fall


Example 5b
Early Peak Synchronization - Slow Fall

finality of the early peak is weakened

Example 5c
Early Peak Synchronization - Fast Rise and Slow Fall

perception goes towards a medial peak

Example 5d (identical with Example 3b
Medial Peak Synchronization - Symmetrical Rise and Fall


Example 6: The Medial-to-Late Peak Scale

Er war mal schlank.
He used to be slim.

rational observation
Er war mal schlank.
He used to be slim.

observation in contrast with expectation
Er war mal schlank.
He used to be slim.

contrastive observation with expressive evaluation


3. Synchronization of Valley Contours

Example 7: Valley Shift Series from Early to Late: gradual change

10 stimuli Und wie ist dein Name.
And what's your name.

Example 8: Peak Shift Series from Early to Late-Medial: abrupt change at stimulus 5

10 stimuli Und wie ist dein Name.
And what's your name.

Example 9: End Points of Valley Shift Series - also change of internal timing (shape)

Example 9a
earliest valley minimum - before the accented-vowel onset

Und wie ist dein Name.
And what's your name.
Example 9b
latest valley minimum - in the accented vowel

Und wie ist dein Name.

And what's your name.

Example 10: End Points of Peak Shift Series for comparison - also change of internal timing (shape)

Example 10a
earliest peak maximum - before the accented-vowel onset
slow fall weakens finality
corresponds to Example 4b, rather than 4a

Und wie ist dein Name.
And what's your name.
Example 10b
latest peak maximum - in the accented vowel

Und wie ist dein Name.
And what's your name.

Example 11: Contextualization of Valley and Peak Contours Compared

Example 11a
late valleys in context and test sentence - stimulus of Example 9b
good pragmatic match

Aha. Und wie ist dein Name.
Aha. And what's your name.
Example 11b
late valley in context, early valley in test sentence - stimulus of Example 9a
bad pragmatic match

Aha. Und wie ist dein Name.
Aha. And what's your name.
Example 11c
late-medial peaks in context and test sentence - stimulus of Example 10b
good pragmatic match

Aha. Und wie ist dein Name.
Aha. And what's your name.
Example 11d
late-medial peak in context, early peak in test sentence - stimulus of Example 10a
bad pragmatic match

Aha. Und wie ist dein Name.
Aha. And what's your name.


4. Phonetic Alignment

Example 12: Late Peak Contours Complete and Truncated

Besuch in Stockholm bei der ICPhS.
Visit Stockholm at the ICPhS

HOLM and ES have late peaks,
but the latter is truncated in the short vowel before the voiceless fricative
nach oben

© Klaus J. Kohler, IPdS Kiel, 2006